8 Types of Intelligence

8 Types of Intelligence

Are you more intelligent than you realise? By understanding how you are smart and how you learn you can discover your strengths.

Howard Gardner, a professor at Harvard University, was concerned that definitions of intelligence failed to “take into account large areas of human endeavor”. It was his opinion that the “one dimensional view” of testing intelligence based on IQ alone was unfair.

As an alternative Gardner presented his theory of Multiple Intelligences which eventually defined 8 types of intelligence that cover the full capabilities of human beings. The theory states that everyone has all the intelligences but that different people are stronger in different intelligences.

Gardner's Multiple Intelligences

1. Linguistic Intelligence

The ability to effectively use words and language whether written or spoken.

This person’s strengths might include;

  • Debating 
  • Persuading
  • Letter writing
  • Report writing
  • Reading

2. Logical-Mathematical Intelligence

The ability to use logical reasoning to analyse and solve abstract problems.

This person’s strengths might include;

  • Analyzing
  • Reasoning
  • Categorising
  • Problem solving
  • Statistics

3. Spatial Intelligence

The ability to mentally visualise and manipulate spatial images.

This person’s strengths might include;

  • Thinking in multiple dimensions.
  • Good imagination
  • Good hand-eye coordination

4. Musical Intelligence

The ability to appreciate and understand sounds and music.

This person’s strengths might include;

  • Singing
  • Playing instruments
  • Rhythm
  • Composing
  • Perfect pitch

5. Naturalist Intelligence

The ability to identify and distinguish differences in the natural world.

This person’s strengths might include;

  • Nature
  • Classification
  • Patterns
  • Environment

6. Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence

The ability to skilfully and precisely control body movement and it’s interaction with other objects.

This person’s strengths might include;

  • Body language
  • Activity
  • Building
  • Role Play
  • Hands on learning
  • Participation

7. Interpersonal Intelligence

The ability to recognise and be sensitive to other people’s moods, desires and motivations.

This person’s strengths might include;

  • Team working
  • Teaching
  • Seeing other points of view
  • Empathy
  • Receiving feedback

8. Intrapersonal Intelligence

The ability to recognise and be sensitive to his or her own moods, desires and motivations.

This person’s strengths might include;

  • Self awareness
  • Concentration
  • Self discipline
  • Focus
  • Goal Setting

 

Summary

Know how you are smart and not just how smart you are.

Whilst IQ is a measure of intelligence it is very narrowly defined. Gardner’s theory of Multiple Intelligences recognises that people can be smart in different ways.

By understanding which of the intelligences you and the individuals in your team are strongest in you will be able to build a more effective team and set your business free.

© Business Set Free Ltd 2013

 

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